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Tag Archive : Indian psychology

Jnana Yoga is the method of union of Atman and Brahman through the practice of harnessing wisdom. Knowledge is the essence of human existence. True wisdom can lead to enlightenment. This is Jnana. Perfection is the ultimate truth of wisdom. What is Jnana Yoga? Jnana Yoga is a path of Union of soul and supreme […]

What is Karma Yoga? Definition. Karma Yoga is the yogic technique of union with the divine through selfless actions. These actions intend to serve society without any expectations. One of the earliest references to Karma Yoga is in the book of Mahabharata where Krishna teaches Arjuna about all forms of Yoga. It is more clearly […]

Turiya State, an Overview Turiya is the final stage of human consciousness. It encompasses all the three stages which we described in our previous articles. It is mentioned in Mandukya Upanishad with the other three stages. However, there is also the mention of another stage or the fifth stage of human consciousness called Turiyatita which […]

The Sushupti Avastha is the third form of the human consciousness. The common translation found in most of the articles on the web is Deep Sleep. Metaphorically in some context, you can call it a deep sleep but literally, the meaning is something else. It is the dormant stage of human consciousness. In modern scientific […]

The second stage of human consciousness is the Swapna Avastha or the stage of Dream. The commonly referred word is sleep stage but the Sanskrit word used is Swapna whose literal translation is Dream, but not sleep. In this series of articles, the first one was the Jagrit Avastha or the stage of Wakefulness. It […]

As Per the Major Upanishads, there are four stages of human consciousness called Jagrit, Svapna, Sushupti, and Turiya. These conditions are equated with the word ‘OM’ so that when someone encompasses the four stages becomes equivalent with OM i.e. Brahman. What is the first stage called the Jagrit condition in Hindu Philosophy/Psychology? We the beings […]